Machine learning can make it easier to track security issues, but the new technology can pose challenges for security pros, writes Macy Bayern. Lack of transparency, data of insufficient quality and a shortage of tech talent are among the things that can cause machine learning problems for security experts.
The FDA has approved Alnylam Pharmaceuticals' Onpattro, or patisiran, for the treatment of polyneuropathy in patients with hereditary ATTR amyloidosis, making it the first gene-silencing drug to win US approval. Onpattro will carry an annual list price of $450,000 for the average patient, and several insurers, including Harvard Pilgrim Health Care, agreed to cover the drug through value-based deals with Alnylam.
Affection, not just affordability, may motivate low-income parents to buy junk food and fast food for their children, a new study from Stanford University indicates. Interviews with families at various income levels showed that affluent parents can more easily say no to treats because their children are denied relatively little, researcher Priya Fielding-Singh noted.
Several pigs shown at the Fowlerville Family Fair in Michigan tested positive for influenza, and about a week later two people became ill with what turned out to be a similar strain, public health officials report. The two people who were infected are recovering, and they are among only four known human infections involving swine influenza in the US this year, with the others occurring in California.
Research that found female starlings were less likely to mate after eating food spiked with an antidepressant is the latest in a line of research suggesting drugs used to treat humans could affect the health of wildlife inadvertently exposed to the medications, writes biologist Alex Ford. Understanding the links between environmental exposures and health consequences in animals has long been challenging, but advances such as behavior-recognition software and smaller tracking devices will help, Ford writes.
The complexity of the canine olfactory epithelium and the way it is stretched across nasal turbinates may explain why dogs have a better sense of smell than humans, according to researchers who have traced those structures to a type of stem cell that appears to play a role in the development of the olfactory epithelium and turbinates. The findings were reported in the journal Developmental Cell.
Leaders will have more influence when they develop themselves professionally, help others improve and maintain the organization's strategic alignment, says John Baldoni in this SmartBrief video and blog post. "Savvy managers always ensure alignment by making certain people know their roles and how those roles affect overall results," he says
A study in The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism showed that 13% of adults who were born preterm with very low birth weights had metabolic syndrome, compared with 10% of those born at full term but small for gestational age and 7% of controls. Norwegian researchers used a cohort of 189 white adults and found a larger number of those born with very low birth weights had at least one MetS characteristic, compared with controls.
A study in Pediatrics showed that autism spectrum disorder incidence was 3.78 per 1,000 person-years among children whose mothers received the Tdap vaccine during pregnancy, compared with 4.05 per 1,000 person-years among those whose mothers weren't vaccinated during pregnancy. Prenatal Tdap vaccination was more likely among Asian-Americans or Pacific Islanders, those who were nulliparous, those with at least a bachelor's degree and those who gave birth at 37 or more weeks' gestation.
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