Domestic cats permitted to go outdoors have an average life span of about 3.5 years, while cats that stay indoors have a life expectancy of 17.5 years, says University of Pennsylvania veterinarian Karen Overall. Outdoor cats can gradually adapt to indoor life, and veterinarians can help cat owners with the transition.
Delta Air Lines will require more information before allowing service and emotional-support animals to travel in the passenger cabin, including proof of vaccination, a letter from a health care provider and assurance that the animal is well behaved and trained. More than two-thirds of the 250,000 service and support animals Delta transports each year are emotional-support animals, and the airline reported a growing number of incidents and passenger complaints.
The FDA announced it would not accept drugs for review that require a fee payment during the government shutdown because it cannot legally accept user fee payments assessed for 2018 until a federal budget for FY218 is approved. The Senate voted today to end the shutdown by advancing a spending bill to keep the government open until Feb. 8 while Congress hashes out issues regarding immigration.
The percentage of children with inflammatory bowel disease who received flu immunizations rose from 10% during the 2015-2016 season to 58% during the 2016-2017 season, after the implementation of a two-step quality improvement program, which included providing flu vaccines in the IBD clinic and having physicians record flu vaccine recommendations in EHRs, according to a study presented at the Crohn's and Colitis Congress. Researchers also found that the documentation rate of physician's vaccine recommendations increased from 46% to 82% during the same period.
A study in Diabetes Care showed that type 2 diabetes patients with hypertriglyceridemia experienced significant reductions in insulin resistance and non-HDL and triglyceride levels and increases in HDL cholesterol levels after receiving 0.2 mg/day or 0.4 mg/day of pemafibrate for 24 weeks, compared with the placebo group. Japanese researchers used a cohort of 167 patients, mean age of 60.5, and found that pemafibrate was also associated with significant increases in fibroblast growth factor 21 levels.
A study in JAMA Oncology found use of oral contraceptives for at least 10 years was associated with a 34% lower risk of endometrial cancer and a 40% lower risk of ovarian cancer. The findings, based on 196,536 women ages 50 to 71, showed significant reductions in ovarian cancer risk among women who smoked, were obese and exercised infrequently, while the strongest reductions for endometrial cancer risk were seen among smokers and those with obesity.
Nine million children rely on the Children's Health Insurance Program for their health care coverage, and payments will continue to flow to states during the government shutdown until money runs out. Among health care programs expected to be affected by the shutdown are the CDC's flu-tracking and infectious disease-tracking programs and the FDA's senior nutrition services, but the shutdown will have little to no impact on Medicaid and Medicare beneficiaries, the operations of Veterans Affairs and community health centers, and Affordable Care Act subsidies.
Children and adolescents with osteosarcoma who had lower F-18 FDG-PET/CT maximum standardized uptake values at week 5 and week 10 after chemotherapy and those with larger percentage declines from baseline SUVmax were more likely to respond to treatment, compared with those with higher SUVmax at weeks 5 and 10 and those with lower percentage declines from baseline SUVmax, researchers reported in the Journal of Nuclear Medicine. However, the findings didn't associate SUVmax or percentage changes in SUVmax with event-free survival.
US Department of Agriculture inspections of meat and poultry will continue during the government shutdown, but the FDA may stop doing its routine unannounced inspections. Agriculture Secretary Sonny Perdue said safety-net nutrition programs, including the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program, the Child Nutrition Programs and the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants and Children, will continue to operate.
Dates come in many varieties and have cultural and religious significance in some religions and cultures, but medjool and deglet noor dates are most commonly found in the US, said registered dietitian Rahaf Al Bochi. Dates are good sources of minerals such as potassium and magnesium, and a half cup has about 6 grams of fiber, Al Bochi said.
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