News for Providers
Top stories summarized by our editors
2/20/2018

Swedish researchers evaluated data on 2,699,334 patients with and without type 2 diabetes and found a 47% relative risk reduction of hospitalization for aortic dissection and a 28% relative risk reduction of hospitalization for aortic aneurysm among those with diabetes, compared with control subjects. The findings in the Journal of the American Heart Association revealed that patients with type 2 diabetes also had 12% lower adjusted mortality rates after hospitalization for aortic aneurysm than controls.

Full Story:
Endocrinology Advisor
2/20/2018

Patients with type 2 diabetes who initiated canagliflozin treatment had a lower rate of heart failure events and a lower risk for hospital admissions for acute myocardial infarction, heart failure, hemorrhagic stroke or ischemic stroke, compared with those who received a DPP-4 inhibitor, sulfonylurea or GLP-1 receptor agonist, according to a study in The BMJ. Researchers used a cohort of 55,560 adult diabetes patients and found that the canagliflozin group had a lower number of composite cardiovascular endpoint events than the DPP-4 inhibitor and sulfonylurea groups, but had a higher rate than the GLP-1 receptor agonist group.

2/20/2018

A study presented at the Advanced Technologies and Treatments for Diabetes conference showed that type 1 diabetes patients who used the t:slim X2 Insulin Pump with Basal-IQ technology, a predictive low glucose suspend feature, experienced a significant reduction in hypoglycemic events, an improved time in range and reported a high level of confidence in using the device, compared with those who used a standard continuous glucose monitoring-integrated t:slim X2 pump that was not fitted with the automated insulin suspension. Researchers included 103 patients, ages 6 to 72, in the PROLOG trial.

Full Story:
Diabetes (UK)
2/20/2018

Research in the European Respiratory Journal found the use of short-acting asthma medications among women led to fecundability odds ratios 15% lower than for women who did not have asthma. The effect was not seen among women who took inhaled corticosteroids plus a long-acting agonist or women who used to have asthma.

More Summaries:
asthma
2/20/2018

Older adults with or without mild cognitive impairment who had better cardiorespiratory fitness based on elevated VO2 max scores had less white-fiber deterioration in their brains, with white matter degradation associated with reduced executive functioning among those with MCI, according to a study in the Journal of Alzheimer's Disease. The findings suggest that regular exercise to maintain or improve cardiorespiratory fitness in old age may help protect against cognitive decline and dementia, researchers wrote.

Full Story:
TIME online
2/20/2018

Older patients may avoid eating calcium-rich foods or taking supplements for bone health and osteoporosis because they are lactose intolerant or have heart disease, diabetes or other health issues, writes registered dietitian nutritionist Beth Kitchin. Research shows all foods can fit into a diet for these patients and dietitians can help create an evidence-based calcium treatment plan that fits their lifestyle and needs, Kitchin said.

Full Story:
Today's Dietitian
More Summaries:
osteoporosis
2/20/2018

Nutrition experts said some superfoods can be expensive, difficult to find and over-hyped, and people may benefit more from eating a variety of regular healthy foods. Registered dietitian nutritionist Amanda Barnes said superfoods can be highly processed and consumers may be able to find the same substances in foods more commonly available at the grocery store.

Full Story:
Shape.com
2/20/2018

Registered dietitian LeeAnn Weintraub says heart-healthy foods to add to the menu during American Heart Month in February include berries, green tea, tomatoes, nuts and tuna. Weintraub says having a healthy weight is important to heart health, but people need to do more than exercise and control food portions.

More Summaries:
LeeAnn Weintraub
2/20/2018

Research published in the CDC's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report showed lower overall childhood obesity rates in households where parents had a college education, compared with households where parents had less education. Researchers said the link between child obesity rates and income differed by race and gender.

More Summaries:
CDC
2/20/2018

Patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease who followed a carbohydrate-restricted diet for two weeks showed improved levels of liver fat and other metabolic measures, researchers reported in the journal Cell Metabolism. The diet also led to changes in gut microbiota that led to higher circulating levels of folate, which is associated with improved liver fat metabolism.

Full Story:
Medical News Today