Cancer survivors who did gardening for three seasons ate more fruits and vegetables, gained less weight around the waist and had increased feelings of worth, compared with those who had not gardened, researchers reported in the Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics. "For cancer survivors, especially those who are older, we look for lifestyle changes that can help them get healthier but are also holistic and have meaning," said lead author Wendy Demark-Wahnefried of the University of Alabama at Birmingham.
Researchers analyzed data from the 1999-2014 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey cycles involving 16,644 adults without a previous diagnosis of diabetes and found that the age-standardized rate of detecting undiagnosed type 2 diabetes was 3% during the 1999-2000 cycle, slightly dropping to 2.8% during the 2013-2014 cycle. The findings in BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care also revealed a significant increase in the rate of detecting undiagnosed diabetes among Mexican-Americans and small decreases among adults in the highest income-to-poverty ratio, those ages at least 65 and white adults.
Recent studies have sent mixed signals when it comes to the effect of exercise on cognitive health. While the American Academy of Neurology said neurologists should recommend exercise for people with mild cognitive impairment, a panel of experts for the National Academies of Science, Engineering and Medicine said scientific evidence is not sufficient to support claims that exercise can prevent MCI or dementia.
Researchers found that children, adolescents and adults who received reminder and recall interventions for immunizations had 5% to 20% increased vaccine uptake, compared with those who didn't, with telephone reminders being the most effective intervention type. The findings in the Cochrane Library, based on a systematic review of 75 studies, suggest that patient reminder and recall systems may also improve preventive care efforts, researchers wrote.
Children with commercial health insurance born in 2013 had a 12% higher vaccination rate for seven CDC-recommended immunizations at age 2 years and 3 months old compared with those born in 2010, according to a Blue Cross Blue Shield Association analysis. But researchers also noted a 70% higher prevalence of documented parental vaccine refusals, with North Dakota and New York having the highest rates of vaccination and parental vaccine refusals, respectively, among those born in 2013.
Vanderbilt University Medical Center researchers found that using the new highly potent small molecule inhibitor V-9302 as a pharmacological blockade of the ACST2 gene, which is the main transporter of glutamine into cancer cells, lowered cancer cell growth and increased oxidative damage and cell death in mouse and in vitro models. The findings in Nature Medicine led researchers to recommend validated biomarkers in evaluating the inhibitor, and VUMC is currently testing PET tracers F-18 FSPG and C-11 glutamine for detecting tumors with elevated glutamine metabolism.
Cerveau Technologies and the University of Pittsburgh have reached an agreement for the manufacturing and supply of Cerveau's F-18 MK-6240, an investigational PET tracer for imaging neurofibrillary tangles in the brain, to support future research projects. The deal will help support the university's studies on possible preventive therapies for Alzheimer's disease, said Cerveau President and CEO Rick Hiatt.
FitLyfe CEO Sam Salbi says corporate wellness programs lack an overall strategy nationwide, vary widely in their use of performance data, are short on accountability and have a delivery system more focused on disease reaction than wellness. Salbi recommends outcomes-based wellness programs with incentives and using data to refine plans.